KIDNAPPING IN THE PHILIPPINES

In criminal law, kidnapping is the taking away or transportation of a person against that person’s will, usually to hold the person in false imprisonment, a confinement without legal authority. This may be done for ransom or in furtherance of another crime, or in connection with a child custody dispute.   In some countries such as the United States a large number of child abductions arise after separation or divorce when one parent wishes to keep a child against the will of the other or against a court order. In these cases, some jurisdictions do not consider it kidnapping if the child, being competent, agrees. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kidnapping)

 Regarding this issue, the Philippine government law to protect it’s citizen and anyone within its territory provides :

REPUBLIC ACT No. 18

AN ACT TO AMEND ARTICLES SIXTY-TWO, TWO HUNDRED AND SIXTY-SEVEN, TWO HUNDRED AND SIXTY-EIGHT, TWO HUNDRED AND SEVENTY, TWO HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-ONE, TWO HUNDRED AND NINETY-FOUR, AND TWO HUNDRED AND NINETY-NINE OF THE REVISED PENAL CODE

(Here hyperlink:    http://www.chanrobles.com/RepublicActNo.18.html)

In early years, Philippine crime : kidnapping has increased. In 2004 , amendments has been made under the presidency of Arroyo as follows:

 Executive Order No. 291]
February 28, 2004

AMENDING EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 248 DATED 26 OCTOBER 2003 CREATING THE OFFICE OF THE ANTI-KIDNAPPING PRESIDENTIAL ADVISER.

WHEREAS, the Office of the Anti-Kidnapping Presidential Adviser was created to implement a campaign against kidnapping involving law enforcement and counteraction agencies and the private sector through the National Anti-kidnapping Task Force [NAKTAF];

WHEREAS, initial efforts of NAKTF have proven effective in fighting kidnapping because of popular support from the private sector, among others.

WHEREAS, to sustain the effectiveness of NAKTF’s anti-kidnapping efforts, there is a need to encourage wider participation from the private sector.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo,
President of the Republic of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by law, do hereby order:

SECTION 1. Section 2 of Executive Order No. 248 dated 26 October 2003 is hereby amended to read as follows:
“Section 2. Oversight Committee – There is hereby created an Oversight Commitment to ensure the execution by active participation of the involved law enforcement and counteraction agencies of the anti-kidnapping action programs.

The Oversight Committee shall be composed of the following:

Secretary Angelo Reyes Chairman

Secretary of Interior and Local Government Member

Secretary of National Defense Member

Secretary of Justice Member

Secretary of Transportation and Communication Member
Seven (7) representatives from the private sector shall be appointed by the President as members of the Oversight Committee.”

SECTION 2. All orders, circulars, memoranda, rules, regulations and other issuances or parts thereof inconsistent
herewith are superseded or amended accordingly.

SECTION 3. This Executive Order shall take effect immediately.

City of Manila, 28th day of February 2004.

(Sgd.) GLORIA MACAPAGAL – ARROYO

By the President:

(Sgd.) ALBERTO G. ROMULO

Executive Secretary

Source : http://elibrary.judiciary.gov.ph/index10.php?doctype=Executive%20Orders&docid=09dbf840251a3eebca09e985cbc89c54455a487ab5a36

In 2011 , though crime rate in Philippine reported to decrease but of the major crimes has been reported most of which are related to kidnappings.

Philippines kidnappers release American boy, 14

11 Dec 2011

Kevin Lunsmann was last of three family members held hostage after mother was freed and cousin escaped

  • 2 May 2000
  • 4 Feb 2001
  • 4 May 2000
  • 7 Dec 2007

Muslim rebel groups

1 Feb 2002

The largest rebel groups in the southern Philippines, mainly on the islands of Mindanao, Basilan and Jolo, claim to be fighting for an independent homeland for the country’s Muslims.

Reference :  (http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/03/kidnap-victim-freed-philippines-american)

  • Organ harvesting

Which particularly in students or children before teens , kidnappers waited outside the public schools then collect child and after getting their internal organs, they leave their body in some remote area outside Manila. Some bodies are stuffed with money and some are left with their stomach and missing organs.

(http://bryanvalencia.multiply.com/journal/item/17/KIDNAPPING_IN_THE_PHILIPPINES?&show_interstitial=1&u=/journal/item)

Tourism :

With this current issue, leaves for   tourists to have second hand on the other thought from coming here  in Philippines. This affects not only local citizen as well as it economic status.

Thus for safety tips please refer to this sites:

http://cebuexperience.com/living-in-the-philippines/kidnappings-in-the-philippines/

http://www.bohol.ph/article24.html

http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/zw-cgi/view/Advice/Philippines

Other sites related :

http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/tag/kidnapping

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